Hortus Cliffortianus plantas exhibens in Hortis tam vivis quam siccis, Hartecampi in Hollandia, coluit ... Georgius Clifford ... Reductis varietatibus ad species, speciebus ad genera, generibus ad classes, adjectis locis plantarum natalibus differentiisque specierum ...
Amsterdam 1737. Folio (445 x 260mm). pp. (xxxii), x, 231, (1); 301-501, (17), with engraved frontispiece, engraved vignette on title and 36 engraved plates. Contemporary boards (spine repaired).
First edition, large uncut copy of this attractive and important work. "Hortus Cliffortianus, with Genera plantarum and Species plantarum, is the central volume in botanical literature. In it Linnaeus had his first full opportunity to present a detailed catalogue of cultivated plants, in worthy format; and at the time he was feeling his way toward that distinguishing of species and varieties, even that abridgment of botanical names, which culminated in Species plantarum. As the volume was produced at the expense of George Clifford, merchant prince and owner of the gardens at Hartecamp, it stands alone among the many publications of Linnaeus as a really beautiful book. The sensitive and lively drawings of George Dionysius Ehret (1708-1770) and the good engraving of Jan Wandelaar (1690-1759) make the book a treasure ... W.T. Stearn notes that the book 'marks the beginning of a new era in botanical illustration and foreshadows the golden century of great flower-book production which extended from 1760 to 1860'. ... George Clifford (1685-1760) was an Anglo-Dutch banker, interested in the Dutch East India Company and the proprietor of magnificent gardens and a menagerie at Hartecamp in Holland. He had the good sense to employ both the fine flower-painting artist Ehret and the brilliant young botanist Linnaeus in the production of an illustrated catalogue of the plants growing on his estate" (Hunt 504). His name is commemorated in the genus of South African shrubs, Cliffortia. The book is noted for the number of South African plants illustrated and described (See Kerkham. Southern Botanical Literature 1600-1988, p. 19). Some text leaves with occasional foxing. The allegorical frontispiece is one of Jan Wandelaar's finest inventions. See Calmann pp. 125-6 for an explanation of its symbolism. The botanical plates were all engraved by Wandelaar from drawings by himself and Ehret. The jump in pagination resulted from changing the format during printing from quarto to folio text leaves. Provenance: Written dedication 'Aan H. Engel met genoegen afgestaan door W ? Clifford, November 1936. (A present given by W ? Clifford to H. Engel). W. Clifford is most likely a descendant of George Clifford and Hendrik Engel is the author of a book on 'Dutch Zoological Cabinets and Menageries'. Hunt 504; Nissen BBI, 1215.
Item nr. 9941
The price shown does not include 9% V.A.T. As a result of the EU legislation we are required to charge our EU customers 9% V.A.T., unless they possess a V.A.T. registration number.