Introductio generalis in Rem Herbariam.
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Ordines Plantarum quae sunt Flore irregulari. Lipsiae, sumptibus Autoris, C. Güntheri; C. Fleischeri; J.H. Richteri, 1690-1699. 4 parts (bound in one). Large-Folio (447 x 290mm). With 385 engraved plates. Contemporary full calf, gilt coat of arms on covers, spine with 6 raised bands, richly gilt, with red gilt lettered label (very skilful rebacking).
Rivinius was a pioneer of modern binomial nomenclature
Our copy collates as Junk's copy, see Junk Rara I, p. 60. Nissen has one plate less than the above copy. All published by Rivinus, a supplement part was published much later in 1764 by C.L. Ludwig with 17 plates. The present work is a great botanical rarity, there was no copy in the Plesch collection and only a copy with 244 plates, in rather bad condition, in the de Belder collection. "The principal strain of endemic German taxonomy goes back to A.Q. Rivinus... and his 'Introductio generalis in rem herbariam' of 1690. Rivinus was, in Linnaean terminology, a 'corollist'. He rejected the age-old basic split in the plant kingdom between trees and herbs and proposed a purely utilitarian system based on the structure of the corolla ... Rivinus did not pretend to propose a natural system; like his contemporary Tournefort, he just wanted a simple and orderly device to classify plants. This Rivinian strain of thought was taken up by quite a few of the later German authors." (Stafleu. Linnaeus and the Linnaeans pp. 241-242).
August Quirinius Rivinus (Leipzig 1652-1723, Latinised name for Bachmann) was professor of pathology at the University of Leipzig. "Rivinus' main scientific interest, however was botany, particularly botanical taxonomy. In 1690 he published 'Introductio generalis in rem herbariam', with 125 tables of 'plants with irregular flowers of one petal' (Labiatae and others). Atlases of 'irregular' flowers of four petals (mostly Leguminosae, 121 tables) of five petals (mostly Umbelliferae, 139 tables) followed in 1691 and in 1699. Rivinius published these tables at his own expense; and it is therefore no wonder that he could not afford to bring out the last volume he had prepared, which dealt with 'irregular' flowers of six petals (orchids). He anticipated Tournefort and Linnaeus in devising an artificial system of plant classification (ordines) based on the number of petals of a flower and on its regularity or irregularity? Since he emphasized the need for short plant names of no more than two words, Rivinius was a pioneer of modern binomial nomenclature" (DSB I, p, 368-9).
Collation of this rare work is difficult and most bibliographies disagree.
Except for the occasional browning, due to the quality of the paper, and which all copies have, an excellent copy in a very attractive binding.
Nissen BBI, 1642.