Phytonomatotechnie Universelle, c'est-à-dire, l'art de donner aux plantes des noms tirés de leurs caractères; nouveau systême au moyen duquel on peut de soi-même, sans le secours d'aucun livre, nommer toutes les plantes qui croissent sur la surface de notre globe.
Eur 7,000 / USD 7,000
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Paris, chez l'auteur/ Didot le jeune/ Poisson, 1783-1784 (-1786). 3 volumes in 26 (of 27) parts. Folio (420 x 275mm). With 310 (of 320) fine handcoloured engraved plates. Original printed wrappers, the first 10 parts comprising volume one, in a contemporary portfolio.
In all fairness, it must be added that each species treated... was skillfully and fully described, and Bergeret's illustrations were exceptionally good
First and only edition of this noted rarity. The prospectus of the work announced 200 copies, of which 100 handcoloured, probably far fewer copies were produced. Our copy does not include fasc. 22. The only complete copy we could trace was the Plesh copy which was sold in 1975. The de Belder copy which was sold at Sotheby's 27 April 1987, lot 21 (mis-catalogued), made Pounds 13,200 and lacked fasc. 26 and 28 and contained 300 plates.
It is one of the most bizarre flower books and reflects the intellectual optimism of the Enlightenment and the belief in the possiblity of universal knowledge. Bergeret invented a system of naming plants which would contain all the essential knowledge about their class, family, genus, species as well as descriptive features, contained in a single name. He assigned letters of the alphabet to characters of each plant concerned. This 'simple' mnemonic system, he believed, would establish a universal nomenclature and allow anyone, without recourse to botanical texts, to name any plant in the world. As an example of his nomenclature, Plantago Major, L. becomes GIQGYABIAHUQZEZ etc. "These are formulae and cannot be considered as names under the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature" (Stafleu).
Fortunately Bergeret illustrated his work, the plates are attractive and several of them involve elementary colour printing, being printed with red, green and brown inks and finished by hand. Bergeret was surgeon to the brother of Louis XVI, who eventually became Louis XVIII. "In all fairness, it must be added that each species treated... was skillfully and fully described, and Bergeret's illustrations were exceptionally good"(Williams. Botanophilia in eighteenth century France p. 112).
"C'est à Jean-Pierre Bergeret que l'on doit la fameuse 'Phytonomatotechnie Universelle...' Cet étonnant ouvrage inachevé est unique dans toute l'histoire de la botanique... est aujourd'hui un ouvrage d'une grande valeur' (Dayrat. Les botanistes de la flore de la France p. 160).
Stafleu & Cowan 456; Nissen BBI, 145; Great Flower Books p. 50.